The world’s population is expected to increase 50% by 2050. The pressure regarding environmental issues, such as climate and our natural resources, is grounds for the issues of sustainability to increasingly become a part of our lives.
The use of renewable resources is very closely linked to the concept of sustainability or sustainable development. The U.N. World Commission on “The Environment and Development in our future" defines sustainability as the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Manufactured products should be planned and devised from "design to reincarnation", also known as the "cradle-to-grave" approach. The use of annually renewable biomass, such as corn or wheat, should be understood within a complete carbon cycle. This concept is based on the development and production of products based on renewable and biodegradable resources, such as starch. The collecting and composting of biodegradable plastic waste can produce many carbon-rich composts: humic materials. The composting made directly in the soil, after the addition of the bio mulch film, will be checked at the end of the culture cycle, by evaluating eventual changes both in content and in the portions of matter found in the soil, before and after testing. The bio mulch film will contribute towards restarting the carbon cycle, thus reducing the carbon footprint; not only does it reduce the use of fossil fuels, but it also lowers chemical fertiliser consumption, while promoting the direct sequestration of CO2, given the fact that we are using a raw material of agricultural origin which, during its life cycle, used CO2 as a source of carbon for photosynthesis.
Available technologies have a long road ahead in meeting complex environmental challenges. The challenge being put forth goes by way of protecting and restoring the integrity of the earth’s ecological systems, so as to build participating and sustainable societies.
The Agrobiofilm is shown to be a solution to a serious problem that persists in agriculture: the disorderly use of fossil-based plastics in agriculture. The most often used type of plastic is polyethylene, which continues to cause both economic and technical problems regarding its removal.
The Agrobiofilm allows biodegradation within a time period inferior to six months, thereby preventing waste from accumulating in the field, as well as removal costs at the end of the culture cycle.
As mentioned earlier, one of the main objectives of this project is to promote agricultural sustainability, while always keeping in mind cost-effectiveness for the end user (farmer).